Reanimation is to bring something that is non-living to life or something that was once living back to life. In many mythological stories of magic and science fiction powerful beings were able to re-animate rocks, sticks, or even dead corpses. Like in the story of Frankenstein; dead tissues were fused together and then alter re-animated bringing the dead body back to life. Is the really so far fetched? As disturbing as it may sound, in the late 1930’s Soviet scientists experimented with re-animation and some of these experiments were very successful. Could this be a new way of zombie creation?

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Sergei Brukhonenko a famous Russian scientist created a machine called the “autojector” in the 1920’s. The autojector, a relatively simple machine, has a vessel (the “lung”) in which blood is supplied with oxygen, a pump that circulates the oxygenated blood through the arteries, another pump that takes blood from the veins back to the “lung” for more oxygen. Two other dogs on whom the experiment was performed in 1939 (were still alive four years later). The autojector can also keep a dog’s heart beating outside its body, has kept a decapitated dog’s head alive for hours—the head cocked its ears at a noise and licked its chops when citric acid was smeared on them. But the machine is incapable of reviving a whole dog more than about 15 minutes after its blood is drained—body cells then begin to disintegrate. (Time Magazine 1943).

Experiments much like the ones preferment with the autojector are still preformed today. In a series of experiments, doctors at the Safar Center for Resuscitation Research at the University of Pittsburgh managed to plunge several dogs into a state of total, clinical death before bringing them back to the land of the living. The feat, the researchers say, points the way toward a time when human beings will make a similar trip, not as a matter of ghoulish curiosity but as a means of preserving life in the face of otherwise fatal injuries.The method for making the trip is simple. The Safar Center team took the dogs, swiftly flushed their bodies of blood and replaced it with a relatively cool saline solution (approximately 45 to 50 degrees) laced with oxygen and glucose. The dogs quickly went into cardiac arrest, and with no demonstrable heartbeat or brain activity, clinically died.

There the dogs remained in what Patrick Kochanek, the director of the Safar Center, and his colleagues prefer to call a state of suspended animation. After three full hours, the team reversed their steps, withdrawing the saline solution, reintroducing the blood and thereby warming the dogs back to life. In a flourish worthy of Mary Shelley, they jump-started their patients' hearts with a gentle electric shock. While a small minority of the dogs suffered permanent damage, most did not, awakening in full command of their faculties. (The New York Times, December 11, 2005)

So what's next? These experiments were created and preformed to eventually be used on humans. New medical technologies are emerging everyday. Results of these experiments could help skilled doctors save many lives. unfortunately the human brain will take massive amounts of damage without oxygen, even for a few seconds under very controlled environments. This brain damage could lead to all kinds of problems including personality changes. This could be considered another method of zombification.

If you would like to download these videos they can be found here:Experiments in the Revival of Organisms (1940)